Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) / Renal carcinoma / Renal cancer / Kidney cancer is also called hypernephroma, renal adenocarcinoma, or renal or kidney cancer. It’s the most common kind of kidney cancer found in adults.
The kidneys are organs in your body that help get rid of waste, while also regulating fluid balance. There are tiny tubes in the kidneys called tubules. These help filter the blood, aid in excreting waste, and help make urine. RCC occurs when cancer cells start growing uncontrollably in the lining of the tubules of the kidney.
RCC is a fast-growing cancer and often spreads to the lungs and surrounding organs.
When RCC is in its early stages, patients may be symptom-free. As the disease progresses, symptoms may include:
- a lump in the abdomen
- blood in the urine
- unexplained weight loss
- loss of appetite
- vision problems
- persistent pain in the side
- excessive hair growth (in women)